STALACTITE REPORT 6 - LEAF FOSSILIZING  EXPERIMENT
Report by John Mackay Thursday, 24th November 2016
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Gday Gday Gday from the Creation Guy John Mackay with good news.
Following Joseph’s  find at Weeley bridge UK earlier this year of a very large stalactite dripping on to a ‘large ground stalagmite’ with ‘fossilised’ leaves in it. (see report 4) Weeley Bridge UK was built in 1930, so we have  attempted to duplicate the situation in order to see how leaves blowing under a railway bridge could be trapped fast enough to be entrapped, encased and even replaced by a limestone from a drip a source above the leaf. The report below was compiled Thursday 24th November 2016.

We modified our stalactite machine number 2 by including an inclined orange pvc ½ drain pipe (see pic below) to catch all tite drips of limestone rich solution, and channel them in  one direction. Then I placed leaves under the drip locations as well as along the flow path. Light brown flowstone soon began to appear along the orange pipe base. Leaves placed in this soon began to gain a covering of carbonate. The pipe was fully open to the environment, so wind was our biggest problem particularly on one day of 70-100km per hour (45-60mph) winds, when up to 90 % of leaves ‘left’ the experiment...never to be seen again. Never the less, success has been gained by persistence and replacement,  and enclosing the tite machine on the worst wind side. We have also observed that winds not only remove the ‘officially’ emplaced specimens, but bring in new leafs on an irregular basis. See first results below.

R6LR Modified Tite Machine

MODIFIED TITE MACHINE

R6LR Joseph Weeley Bridge

JOSEPH AT WEELEY BRIDGE

R6LR ENTRAPPED FOSSIL LEAF

ENTRAPPED  ‘FOSSIL’ LEAF

R6LR LEAF LIMESTONE WEELEY BRIDGE

LEAF IMPRESSION IN LIMESTONE FROM WEELEY BRIDGE  original whole leaf at end

R6LR AUSSIE RESULT

OUR BEST AUSSIE RESULT

One leaf calcified after  8 weeks sitting in the inclined orange drip tray on tite machine 2, fully open to the environment. There are others but this was the easiest to extract and test. This is a good result showing  how the Weeley railway bridge deposit would have had not problem forming in a short time in the open and how process is the key, not time.

R6LR LEAF PETRIFIED WOOD

‘LEAF’ PLACED ON PIECE OF PETRIFIED  WOOD FOR TESTING

R6LR FROTHING IMMEDIATE

TEST WITH 3% HCL ..FROTHING IMMEDIATE ..provably encased in Limestone

R6LR Josephs leafs

It is obvious that our leaf entrapment  ‘fossil ‘formed in less than 10,000yrs no matter what the official definition of fossil is.

R6LR Josephs leafs Limestone

One of Josephs leafs ..extracted with leaf preserved and limestone impressions peeled off.

 
R6LR clear drops

The leaf is the original material and the thin limestone encasing layer reacts rapidly with 3%HCl, yet apart from minor effervescence on sections where the limestone casing has been removed, the leaf shows only very minor effervescence at the cellular surface,  and we have yet to find any major evidence of the leaf being infiltrated by CaCO3.

Note clear drops of 3% HCl with only minor bubbling and leaf bottom end effervescence where layer still adhered. Then compare this to original fern material collected from Australian Permian rock in NSW coal deposits.
 
R6LR plant removed showing imprint

BELOW ENTRAPPED WHOLE LEAF original leaf in Permian Coal Sediments Terrigal NSW Australia, found by this author and now in our Australian collection.

 
R6LR Fossil Imprint

FOSSIL from same location with much of plant removed showing imprint below it

It is obvious that we have established it is possible to  ‘naturally’ entrap a leaf and seal it away from decomposition processes rapidly enough to preserve it, both above and below ground, in strata or in stalagmite formation. In our case a max of 8 weeks elapsed.  As all our experimentation are showing, time is actually the enemy of preservation of any sort including preservation of the original material by ‘negative image’ (a mold),  by positive infilling of that mold (a cast)  by impression replacement/mineralization of the original. Yet again this series of experiments show  that time is not the issue, but process is.

Historic note: as the author Rider Haggard used the placement of the ruthless evil King Twala’s body under a dripping stalactite to encase and preserve Twalas body in a glassy layer of limestone  (see King Solomon’s Mines 1885),  perhaps we should call this rapid entrapment process be named  Twalation or Haggation?

And thank you Jesus for such good results.

PS for those who queery still is this a real fossil below is pic of fossil leaf mould from  tufa /liimestone deposits, to show that its not time that make a fossil but process. Most people think ..fossil = petrified ..wrong! Peterified is when the original material has been replaced by stone. Material actually becomes a fossil as soon as its shape is preserved in any rock type that wlll endure. Later it can become a petrified fossil if hard settingn material can enter the space.

R6LR real fossil

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